Hairless cats are not a product of artificial origin, this is not the result of a laboratory experiment, but a breed that was born naturally. More precisely, not one breed, but several, but more on that below.
The history of the appearance of bald cats
Naturalist Johan Rudolph Ranger described South American cats completely devoid of hair.
A pair of hairless cats (Nelly and Dick) was bought from the Indians of Mexico. The leader of the Indian tribe claimed that bald cats are cats of a special, Aztec breed. Offspring from Nelly and Dick did not happen.
A non-standard hairless kitten is born in a classic cat, which the comedians-owners called the epidermis.
Rostov-on-Don. Elena Kovaleva finds on the street an almost bald cat, later called Barbara. From mating with a shaggy cat, Vasily at Varvara, ordinary and bald kittens were stably born in the litter.
Breeds of hairless cats
Hairless cats are not like one another. Each has its own phenotype, its own hairless genetics.
The modern Don Sphynx cat is an elegant animal of medium size (25-30 cm) with velvety and hot skin. The Donetsk people are distinguished by the beauty of their almond-shaped eyes, but they can’t boast with the density of their mustache - they are always broken off at the Don Sphinxes.
The first name of the breed is Russian Hairless. But he had to be abandoned, since the name did not correspond to the truth.
In the litter, there may be found both bare-born kittens that do not have not only wool, but even vibris and eyebrows, and:
- Velor Don sphinxes - their soft fluffy hair resembles the most delicate suede. Velor sphinxes lose their hairline with age
- Brushes - dressed cats and cats that are allowed in breeding and exhibitions
It is curious that all sphinxes have a color that is understandable literally from birth. That is, in animals, not only the possible coat is dyed, but also the skin itself.
The size of these cats is also average (about 30 cm), but Canadians are surprisingly weighty (up to 4 kg). Canadian sphinxes have only the appearance of hairlessness, since in fact they have hairline. But it is so short that it only feels a bit suede.
Canadian sphinxes sweat and do it with their whole body. The sweat of cats does not have a repulsive smell, but the color leaves a noticeable, chocolate after drying. Canadians are wonderful heating pads. 42ºС for a kitten is a completely normal temperature, the body temperature of an adult cat is up to 39ºС.
The Canadian Sphinx has a golden character - they are sociable and quite smart, easily get used to both the house and the owner.
Petersburg Sphinx or Peterbold
Mandarin, Muscat, Nezhenka and Nocturne - that was the name of the first offspring of the St. Petersburg sphinxes. Despite the Slavic origin, Peterbalds look very oriental: an elegant long neck, a narrow head, English ears and an arrogant profile. Petersburger is the result of crossing an oriental cat and a Don sphinx. What did she inherit from a Don relative? Increased body temperature (and as a result of special heat transfer - excellent appetite) and a light waxy coating on the skin.
If you take a little from Peterbald, a little from the Don Sphinx, three from the Scottish fold and a little bit from a cat of unknown breed, you get Ukrainian levka.
The first result of such a cocktail experiment, a cat by the Levkoy Primero clique, was born on January 21 in 2004.
So far, the breed is not recognized by the WCF system, but in monobreed shows they already shine with might and main.
Sphinx + Munchkin = Bambino baby! A very unusual breed, the breeding of which in some countries is prohibited at all.
But the charm of the bambino is so great that there are enthusiasts in the world who are ready to fight for the bambino to become a recognized breed. Why are these guys so captivating the public? Of course, first of all, by the way they run on short legs. At the same time, the Bambino's spine is problem-free and the exterior does not affect the cat's health in any way.
Another breed not yet recognized by any organization. But this does not stop her fans from admiring the elves. Just look at the photos of these wonderful kittens - a flexible body, touching eyes of hazel eyes and curly ears, the main characteristic of elves.
Eared elves are Americans by birth. Their “parents” are breeder Karen Nelson and Kristen Lido.
Do you think that the breeders stopped at this? No matter how! To felinologists it seemed a little hairless, short paws - not enough. But if we added to the qualities of the Canadian sphinx the legs of a bambino and the ears of an elf, then it would have come out ... came out a delf, a mini-cat who saw the world in 2009.
There are only a few dozen dlfs in the world. There are no official dwarf nurseries in Ukraine, and only one is registered in Russia.
Features of caring for hairless cats
Breeds in the nude style require special care.
If you got a star-studded kitten, then congratulations, you can save on a host. However, this is the only point of saving.
- Sphinx sweats, therefore:
- The animal should be washed regularly with wet wipes. Alcohol-containing wipes or solutions are prohibited, as they can cause a burn;
- the cat needs to be bathed regularly (on average once a week) with a special shampoo, the pH of which is suitable for the naked. Water temperature should be at least 38ºС;
- make sure that bald cats do not get into drafts, otherwise they can catch a cold and get sick.
- The ears of the sphinx cat accumulate dirt, therefore, the black-brown secret from the ears should be cleaned once a week, using both cotton buds and special cleansing drops.
- Hairless cats freeze, therefore:
- Care must be taken to ensure that the animal does not get cold;
- at the same time, the cat may burn from proximity to a hot battery or a working heater, make sure that this does not happen;
- the cat should have clothes and there should be a lot of clothes (for all occasions of cat life).
- Sphinx skin is sensitive to ultraviolet, therefore:
- they need to take sun baths;
- In the summer, the hair of a bald cat needs to be smeared with sunscreen to prevent sunburn.
- The eyes of bald cats do not have eyelashes and in order not to provoke the development of infections, the eyes are rubbed every seven days with a decoction of chamomile or special drops.
- Tail. Yes, bald cats, like all others, have a tail. And on the outside of the tail are the sebaceous glands. But if in all other breeds they hide in the hair, then in bald cats the sebaceous glands secrete their secret directly to the skin, therefore, once a few days, the tail needs to be wiped separately.
Health features of hairless cat breeds
- Kittens falling asleep syndrome
Often, rubber kittens begin to fade away for no apparent reason 10-14 days after birth. Experts attribute this to thymus abnormalities. It is not possible to save such individuals medically.
- Gingival hyperplasia
Hereditary disease, mainly characteristic of cats of blue and tortie colors. It is treated with medication, but often recurs.
- Carp bite
This anomaly in bald breeds is quite common and is expressed in the fact that the lower jaw of a cat is noticeably shorter than the correct size. It is impossible to cure.
- Underdevelopment of the vertebrae of the tail
Often exists in a duet with a bite bite and a general developmental delay. Not treated. Animals with such anomalies are not allowed for breeding.
Under this term, specialists understand various eyeball defects in cats. Specifically, in bald cats, they are often caused by early opening of the eyes in newborn kittens. Plastic surgery can sometimes help.
- Inversion of the eyelids
Genetics recognize that this disease is inherited in hairless cats. But the inheritance formula has not yet been identified. Often, congenital inversion of the eyelids can be removed surgically.
- Nipple hyperplasia
In this case, geneticists have proven that nipple hyperplasia is transmitted from a mother cat to a daughter cat. Most often found in cats of blue types of color with blue eyes.
- Breast disease
Tortoiseshell naked cats suffer mainly during puberty. Diseases of the mammary glands develop quite rapidly, are treated poorly with medication. The operation can stop the problem.
There are two types of acne (comedones and traumatic acne) and they appear more often as a hereditary factor. It is noted that cats, blue, cream and red, often suffer from acne. Acne is easily treated.
- Seasonal dermatitis
Females are susceptible to this during estrus. Most often passes independently.
Hairless cats are very allergenic. They can give an allergic reaction to anything from a filler to an indoor flower. As a rule, removal of an allergen stops attacks.
Vascular inflammation (vasculitis) can be medication, infectious and ... stressful. In bald cats, vasculitis is not uncommon after exhibitions, long trips. Improving the immunity of a cat or cat helps to cope with vasculitis.
A neuromuscular disease that can manifest itself when the kitten is six months old. Mild myopathy does not greatly affect the quality of life of a cat, a severe form leads to the death of the animal.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
This is a cardiac pathology, the essence of which is that the walls of the vessels of the heart thicken and block the flow of blood. Early diagnosis is the key to a pet’s life.
- Respiratory tract obstruction
Airway obstruction is associated with recessive genes and cannot be treated.
Healthy bald cats live long enough - 12-15 years.
Feeding bald cats
Metabolism in bald cats is very high, because they spend a lot of energy on warming up their body, so they like to eat.
And here the owner would feed and be happy, but no - you should be on the alert!
Firstly, you can simply overfeed the cat and spoil his metabolism and figure. And secondly, bald cats = allergenic cats and not all food, even prepared, will suit them.
The natural menu of a hairless cat, if it is not prone to allergies, is no different from feeding an animal of any other breed: 60% protein, 10% fat, 30% carbohydrates. But the keyword is if. Various allergic manifestations can happen on most ordinary foods. Therefore, breeders and veterinarians recommend that owners of hairless cats still make a choice in favor of ready-made dry food, especially specially designed for naked breeds.
Wet foods are also allowed, but rather, as a treat, and not on a constant diet.
What is the feature of ready-made dry food for hairless cats:
- high protein feed;
- the feed formula is designed to strengthen the cat's cardiovascular system;
- granules of dry food gently clean the cat's teeth from plaque and stones;
- they have practically no flavors and preservatives that cause health problems;
- and excluded are allergy provocateurs.
The most popular types of dry food among owners of hairless cats:
Taurine and EPA and DHA fatty acids, which are part of the feed, are responsible for cat's heart health
This is a holistic category food, so you can be sure of its quality and its proper effect on the pet’s body
- Eagle pack
Of all the small lines of this holistic, we single out Sensitive, which is especially suitable for naked cats.
Grain-free, low-carbohydrate food and optimal for the menu of hairless cat breeds
Also note that some feed below the class may also suit your pet:
- Hills for cats
- Nutro choice
Reviews of owners of cats of hairless breeds
Irina: "I will allow myself to tell my truth about the Canadian Sphinx. I was not ready for the number of problems that came to our house with the cat Chanel. She is not very smart and with age it becomes more noticeable and noticeable. To teach her to the pot turned out to be a task Chanel finally figured out where to go to the toilet only by the year She didn’t bother with hygiene, so by the way, she smells not mine number 5. She also sweats a lot and traces of her sweat remain on velor furniture and window sills. "I won’t get such a breed."
Lyudmila: “When I brought the Peterbald kitten to my family, my husband at first did not understand what kind of animal it was. But my son fell in love with all my heart. As a result, the bald cat grew up, but he doesn’t recognize her husband, but he doesn’t have a soul for his son. and in the batteries, which he loves to bask in. Yes, because of this, you have to wipe the batteries once a week, but this is not a problem. In general, the cat is unusual - noble and very restrained. It will not go to the hands of a stranger, it doesn’t beg for food. I respect him and he seems to reciprocate me. "
Olga: "I took my turtle (Don sphinx of tortoise color) with great fears. They say that the sphinxes are both painful and hysterical and hysterical, and ... And so? The bald kitten has denied all the rumors and myths. My beauty eats everything, laughed like a wound and it’s never even sprinkled on it! And how it smells good! It’s the aroma of spices and orient! "
Prices for hairless kittens
If a few years ago, hairless cats were very rare and breeders set prohibitive prices for kittens, today hairless cats are quite common and prices have fallen. So how much does a bald cat of different genetics cost?
Don Sphynx kitten in Ukraine can be bought for 2,000 hryvnias, and in Russia - 4,500 rubles.
The Canadian Sphinx is more expensive - 7,000 hryvnias and, accordingly, 15,000 rubles.
Peterbald in Kiev is sold for 3,500 hryvnias, and in Moscow for 8,000 rubles.
It is almost impossible to buy Bambino, elf and delf in our open spaces.
Who is suitable for hairless cat breeds
If you want to have a cat and mouse at home, then the hairless breed is not for you!
Bald flies are temperamental, active and theatrical. They need an audience and attention. Therefore, bald cats are suitable for people who are able to appreciate their playfulness, who do not mind the time to care for an exotic cat flower.
Who doesn’t feel sorry for money for proper expensive high-class food and who have a car (because transporting a bald miracle in public transport is fraught with both a miracle and transport).
And, of course, naked cats are suitable for those who are allergic to cat hair. But remember that absolutely hypoallergenic cats do not exist.