Kitten hernia is a very unpleasant and dangerous disease that can lead to many complications. If you find such an education in your pet, you must definitely show it to the veterinarian, because delay in such a situation can be extremely expensive. The danger is not so much the tumor itself as its effect on internal organs and blood circulation.
In this article we will consider the main types of hernias in kittens, identify the main symptoms and the causes of their occurrence, and also learn how to properly treat the animal. The knowledge gained will help the owner properly take care of the kitten and avoid possible complications.
Types of hernias in kittens
First of all, the types of hernias are determined by the location of their location in the kitten. Most often, these types of formations are found in kittens:
- Inguinal hernias in kittens occur, as the name implies, in the pubic bone. Sometimes they can be located between the last nipples.
- The umbilical hernia in a kitten is located in the navel or on the stomach.
- Perineal (also scrotal) hernias are formed in the area between the anus and the bladder.
- Lateral hernias are located in the area of the ribs. Meet quite rarely.
Hernias can also be conditionally divided into right and wrong. Reinforced hernias are characterized by painlessness, and they are easily retracted inward with light pressure. Often, such formations can be eliminated without surgery. In turn, irreversible protrusions cause pain and discomfort to the kitten, which are quite dense to the touch and inactive. In addition, this type of hernia can become inflamed and increase in size. This can lead to serious malfunction of the internal organs and blood poisoning.
Causes of hernia in kittens
The appearance of various types of hernias in kittens is due to two main reasons:
- Congenital intrauterine disorders, which can occur at various stages of fetal formation.
- In the case of umbilical hernia - incorrect cutting of the umbilical cord in a kitten during childbirth. Also, the cat may incorrectly bite off the umbilical cord.
Also, a hernia in a kitten can be caused by various injuries and mechanical damage (falls, bruises, etc.). However, more often this reason is typical for adult cats.
A congenital hernia in a kitten is often a hereditary disease. Unfortunately, if one of the parents of the animal suffered from such pathologies, then with a high degree of probability the disease is transmitted to offspring. That is why many cat owners do not recommend using an animal that has ever had a hernia for breeding kittens.
Such factors affect the formation of umbilical hernia:
- pressure of internal organs on the walls of the abdomen (it can be caused by congenital pathologies, as well as vomiting or constipation);
- genetic predisposition.
The treatment of a hernia in a kitten on the stomach should not be postponed in any case. Due to this formation, circulatory disorders occur, which in turn negatively affects the metabolic rate of the pet. In addition, soft tissue cells begin to die, necrosis and inflammation begin. All this can lead not only to a deterioration in the well-being of the kitten, but also to his death.
If a hernia is found in a pet, consult a doctor immediately. Only a specialist will be able to accurately determine the severity of the disease and take the necessary measures to save the baby.
With small hernias, conservative treatment is acceptable. It is possible that the veterinarian will be limited to applying a bandage (blankets), which will help keep the internal organs of the animal in place. The area where the tumor is located is cut off from the hair, the hernia is gently pressed. But this method has a drawback. It consists in the fact that the kitten will need to be worn for about a month, and given the mobility and playfulness of the kids, the bandage will need to be constantly checked and corrected.
In the event that the hernia is irreparable, sedentary or has signs of inflammation or necrosis, the doctor takes an operation. After the intervention, the kitten should be put on blanket for 8-12 days to prevent the baby from violating the integrity of the sutures and infection. Seams need to be treated several times a day with an antiseptic. If you notice redness, signs of discharge or swelling in the area of the sutures, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
Most experts agree in this opinion - the surgical solution to a hernia is the optimal solution. It allows you to avoid complications and relapses of the disease. In addition, this treatment method is faster and more effective than conservative, because the sutures can be removed as early as 8-12 days after surgery.
Is it possible to cure a hernia in a kitten yourself?
Some cat people think that a kitten's umbilical hernia can be cured on its own. For this, special heating pads and massages are used. Experts are extremely skeptical of such treatment methods and strongly do not recommend their use. Warming up education is dangerous in that it can affect internal organs. Such manipulation can lead not only to a violation of the blood flow in the kitten, but also cause blood poisoning. If in such a situation you do not contact your veterinarian in a timely manner, the animal may die.
Prevention of the appearance of hernias in kittens
There are three main recommendations that will minimize the chances of a hernia in a kitten:
- A balanced diet to avoid constipation and intestinal disturbances.
- Correctly cut the umbilical cord during childbirth.
- Try to monitor the kitten and avoid any falls or bruises.
As a rule, the prognosis in the treatment of various kinds of hernias in kittens is favorable. An exception can only be seriously neglected tumors and serious congenital pathologies. In addition, surgery for a large hernia in a cat can lead to impaired reproductive function, because hernial tumors often affect the uterus, which can lead to irreversible changes in this organ.
The main thing when detecting a hernia in a kitten is not to deal with it at home and not to postpone a visit to the doctor. You should not count on the fact that you will be able to cure the animal yourself, because often a hernia cannot be removed without surgical intervention. Timely treatment by a specialist in such cases is almost a complete guarantee of a favorable outcome of the disease.