A kitten is a small and fragile creature that has the same health problems as children. If the child cannot go to the toilet, then we know what to do. But here's what to give a kitten from constipation - not everyone, even an experienced owner, knows the answer to this question.
Causes of constipation
Improper nutrition. Incorrect nutrition can be attributed to:
- improper feed selection;
- selection of poor-quality feed;
- excessive or insufficient feeding;
- too much dry feed.
Ingestion of foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal tract. To foreign bodies can be attributed:
- small items;
- own kitten fur.
- Worms. With a significant number of helminths, they can overlap the entire intestine. In this case, you can not start giving special drugs against worms until the problem of constipation is resolved.
- Sedentary lifestyle. Lack of motor activity reduces intestinal motility and can lead to constipation.
- Stress. Constipation in a kitten due to stress can occur in the first days after falling into a new environment for him. Typically, such constipation lasts no more than 3 days. Remember - people also have problems with bowel movements in a new place.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, tumors, hernia, abnormalities of the structure of the digestive tract. This problem can be suspected with frequent and prolonged constipation. It is possible to identify it and find solutions only with the participation of a qualified veterinarian.
Signs of constipation
Symptoms that accompany constipation in kittens:
- the pet is eating or screaming during defecation attempts;
- feces dry and hard (may be interspersed or covered with blood or mucus);
- frequent attempts to go to the toilet (to no avail);
- lack or partial loss of appetite;
- weight loss;
- lethargic, inactive behavior;
A cause for concern should be constipation, which lasts more than 2-3 days. Do not rely on the fact that the problem will be solved by itself. In some cases, this may indeed be the case. But if the problems of bowel movement persist for more than 3 days, then this can affect the function of all organs and systems, intoxication of food breakdown products can occur.
Kitten constipation treatment
Standard ways to prevent and treat constipation in kittens and adult cats:
- means for softening the stool;
- drugs to normalize peristalsis;
- adding fiber to the diet;
- increase in the amount of water consumed;
- surgery to cleanse a clogged bowel.
Constipation in a kitten can be treated in such safe ways at home:
- Vaseline oil. This product is sold in every pharmacy. It helps to soften feces, it envelops and lubricates the intestinal wall. Vaseline oil is not harmful to the animal, it is not absorbed into the intestines and does not enter the liver. You can not use vegetable oil for this purpose - it is absorbed by the body and can cause significant harm to the liver, pancreas. Do not confuse petroleum jelly with petroleum jelly.
Within one day, this oil can be given 2 times, at the rate of 1, milliliter per kilogram of animal weight. You can just drop the kitten in his mouth. Try to get directly into the throat or on the base of the tongue so that the pet has no chance to spit out the oil.
- Condensed milk and water. Make a solution of condensed milk and plain boiled water. Giving this mixture can be given on an empty stomach. But it should be remembered that condensed milk is harmful to the health of the animal, and can negatively affect the condition of the liver. therefore from constipation can be given this tool only once, it is rarely used, and as an ambulance.
- Special pastes for dissolving wool. Often the cause of constipation in kittens and in adults is their own hair, which enters the stomach and intestines when licking their "coat". In this case, the treatment and prevention method are special pastes to dissolve and facilitate the removal of wool. The frequency of use depends on the degree of "fluffiness" of the pet.
After removing the problem of constipation, you should in any case consult with your veterinarian to identify the causes and prevent the recurrence of the problem.
If the application of these methods does not bring results, and the constipation has been lasting for more than 3-4 days and the kitten’s behavior is becoming more sluggish, he refuses to eat, and touching the tummy causes considerable discomfort, then resort to more effective methods. But for such manipulations, consultation and assistance of a veterinarian is necessary. Self-medication and various manipulations can harm the kitten.
Methods for treating constipation that a veterinarian should prescribe, monitor or administer:
- Taking laxatives.
- Taking medications to improve bowel function.
When it comes to constipation in humans, such methods can be applied without the participation of a doctor. But the animal’s body is different from the human body, especially when it comes to the kitten. The right choice of the drug and determining the optimal dosage can only be done by a qualified specialist. A laxative should be given to a cat with constipation only if you know exactly the name of the suitable drug and the maximum allowable dose.
Carrying out a procedure such as an enema, although it seems a fairly simple event, but the lack of experience and necessary preparation can lead to significant harm to the kitten's body. There is no need for an enema if constipation lasts less than or within 3 days. Usually it is done if bowel movement does not occur within one week.
After the task of removing the attack of constipation is completed, you should give the kitten a balanced diet in the near future and carefully monitor the frequency and quality of bowel movements.
It is important to promptly identify the presence of constipation in the kitten and begin to treat it. Prolonged constipation can cause irreparable harm to a small animal.