Cats with beautiful, smooth, iridescent hair are the real pride of the owners. But when the feline fluff overflows the entire apartment, there is little to enjoy. Why do cats molt and is this normal? The answer to this question should be known to everyone who keeps pets or is just planning to have a pet.
Shedding cats - the norm or pathology?
Cat's hair consists of two tiers - a short downy undercoat and longer elastic hairs that we see from the outside.
Seasonal molting is a perfectly normal, necessary natural process. Firstly, each hair has a certain life span and disappears after it expires. In its place grows a new one. Secondly, cats change their hair twice a year due to climate change.
In the spring, the cat loses its hair to free itself from internal fluff. In summer, it is not necessary, because the street is so very warm.
In autumn, the old coat that has dried over the summer is also replaced by a new, more fluffy, healthy one, in order to provide the animal with heat and protection.
Thus, seasonal discharge of wool is the norm. It usually lasts no more than 1 month, sometimes a little longer. In the process of seasonal molting, the cats on the body do not remain flashed.
If the pet began to molt suddenly and abundantly, most likely this is some kind of problem.
Reasons Why Cats Shed
There can be many factors why a “woolly friend” sheds his fur coat all year round. Consider the most likely.
1. Baby molting
If a very young cat began to molt strongly and suddenly, then it was time for her to drop a children's fur coat. At the age of 6-7 months, the animal gets rid of soft hair. It is replaced by a more rigid, elastic, glossy coat, the color becomes more saturated.
The whole process of age shedding can take 3-4 months. The wool stops climbing on its own and in such cases nothing needs to be done. Have to be patient and wait.
2. Pregnancy, childbirth
This factor applies only to cats. Many women know that after pregnancy their hair begins to climb very much. The same thing happens in animals - they begin to molt. During the period of gestation of the kittens and after their birth in the body of the cat-mother, hormonal changes take place, which affects the coat.
Sometimes a cat constantly molts if it gives birth two or more times a year. Usually, those who keep a nursery in the house are faced with a problem.
3. Improper nutrition
Unbalanced, malnutrition is a common reason why cats lose their hair. Food from the family table is completely unsuitable for cats. Pets living in apartments and not going out on the street need special food at all. Today, there are many good foods designed specifically for home four-legged friends, taking into account the needs of their body. There is also a feed specifically for wool, containing an increased norm of vitamins. Very often, the problem of pathological molting is precisely the lack of vital substances. A proper diet will favorably affect the general condition of the animal.
If a cat has shreds of hair, think about whether your pet lives in stress. After all, these creatures, like humans, can experience fear, pain, joy, and anxiety. Your cat can molt if: you beat and scold it often; there are children in the house who constantly squeeze it; the apartment is being renovated; another animal or a newborn baby appeared in the house. Of course, there are more reasons for stress, these are only the most probable.
5. Domestic cat syndrome
Cats living on the street feel good the changing seasons of the year. But home-made “pussies” that do not leave the walls of an apartment lose touch with nature. They are constantly warm, and their body mistakenly perceives such an atmosphere during the summer. And since summer is around, it means that thick hair is not needed. Therefore, if a cat sheds heavily all the time and for no apparent reason, perhaps he often needs to be outdoors.
Hair loss can occur due to illness. Some diseases are almost asymptomatic and the owner may not notice the problem for a long time.
Diseases that cats can molt:
- Gastritis, dysbiosis, stomach ulcer.
- Fungal infections.
- Viral infections.
- Allergic reactions.
What to do
To understand why the cat began to molt and this process was delayed, it is necessary with the help of a veterinarian. Self-medication can harm. Perhaps the cat is grabbing vitamins, and maybe the whole thing is the air is too dry and warm in the apartment - there are many options. It is necessary to undergo examination in a veterinary clinic, and on the basis of analyzes to receive appointments and recommendations from a specialist.