During castration, the testes are removed from the animals. Sterilization can be performed regardless of gender. But basically sterilization is indicated for cats. After the procedure, the animal will not be able to give birth. How much the cat departs from anesthesia after sterilization, the rehabilitation period is described in this article.
Description of sterilization and its types
This operation is done to limit the work of the genitals responsible for reproduction or their complete removal. There are many ways to sterilize an animal:
- With ovariogisterectomy, an ovary is removed through an incision on the abdomen or side.
- During laparoscopy, organs for reproducing and bearing offspring are cut out through small punctures in the abdomen.
- With ovariectomy, the ovaries are removed through an abdominal incision. In this case, the uterus is not affected and turns into a useless organ.
- Using the chemical (radiation) method, the animal is irradiated. Ovarian function is impaired.
- During drug sterilization, sexual function is inhibited by drugs.
- With tubal occlusion, the reproductive organs are not removed, only ligation of the fallopian tubes is done. In this case, sexual desire and cycle are saved.
The operation is done under general anesthesia. The duration of the procedure is 20-40 minutes. The sutures heal within a week, and the rehabilitation period can last up to 14 days.
What should be done before the operation?
To alleviate the condition of the operated cat, it is necessary to prepare in advance. It is necessary to put the litter in a warm place on the floor, in order to avoid falling from elevations. It is necessary to isolate the room from drafts.
You need to carry the animal to the operation in a carrier, on the bottom of which you should first lay a warm blanket or towel. When the cat begins to move away from anesthesia, it will begin to freeze very much. On a warm blanket, the animal will be easier.
First days after anesthesia
When a cat moves away from anesthesia after sterilization ... it can take a lot of time. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the body, proper care and good nutrition. After the procedure, the fluffy beauty becomes adequate after about three hours. Symptoms
- weak movements of the limbs and tail begin;
- periodically the animal will fall asleep again;
- it will try to raise its paws, make attempts to stand up;
- start to stand up with effort;
- all movements at first will be awkward, uncoordinated, shaky;
- after several steps, the cat will go to bed;
- fluffy beauty will start to stumble on corners and walls, waddle;
- after anesthesia, the cat will make mournful and uterine sounds unusual for her;
- Often there is repeated sudden urination.
This behavior of the cat after anesthesia is observed within a day after the end of the anesthesia. The animal at this time has a very difficult time, so the owners must help their pet through a difficult period. You should carefully watch the ward, do not let him poke into corners and sharp objects, do not raise to elevations.
Since the cat is under anesthesia with his eyes closed, their mucous membrane dries out very much. Therefore, you need to periodically instill moisturizing drops, and close the eyelids with your fingers. These procedures are done until the animal closes its eyes on its own. It will not be able to drink water on its own during the day, so it needs to be instilled into the mouth a few drops or constantly wet the lips of the pet with a wet cloth.
Animals after anesthesia often vomit and vomit. This can be predicted by their behavior. Before vomiting, pets begin to lick intensively. In the first 24 hours after surgery, cats are not fed, but they are required to drink. They need to be helped to stand on their feet.
Until the cat begins to drink on its own, it must be kept in a standing position near a bowl of water. To make it easier for the animal to go to the toilet, the tray is placed not far from the bed. If the pet is difficult to stand on their own, it should be supported by the owners.
Caring for a cat after sterilization continues even after its departure from anesthesia. In a day you need:
- start daily treatment of stitches with antiseptics (1 time in 24 hours);
- control the holding of a special blanket or collar;
- sprinkle bleeding stitches with bactericidal agents.
The fluffy beauty departs from the operation completely most often on the fourth or fifth day after surgery. During this period, activity returns to the cat. She begins to get out of the sunbed, jump, run. On the street, you can easily climb a tree.
From such violent activity, the seams diverge, so you should try to limit the movement of your pet. Postoperative wounds usually heal within ten days. If the seams were protected by absorbable threads, then they are not removed. Otherwise, you need to contact the veterinarian. Sutures should be removed only by a doctor, so as not to harm the animal.
Complications after sterilization
If the cat withdrew without any problems after the operation, this is good. But it happens, albeit extremely rare, that sterilization is accompanied by complications. In the animal, the cardiovascular system may be impaired during surgery or after recovery from anesthesia. Inflammation most often occurs due to the oversight of the surgeon or as a result of the negligence of the owners of the animal.
For example, the lack of treatment for sutures, antibiotics, or other medications prescribed by your doctor. An acute allergic reaction to anesthesia can occur in a cat.
With any signs of malaise, the animal must be taken to a veterinary clinic for examination, without waiting until the pet is in a deplorable state.
In order for the sterilization to proceed normally and the animal is quickly rehabilitated, a preliminary examination is carried out before the operation. In cats, the recovery period is faster, in 3-4 days. They do not need to wear blankets, unlike the opposite sex. Cats recover within two weeks. If complications arise, the rehabilitation of the animal can last up to two months.