Common pet ailments can be skin problems. Most often, these are allergic manifestations and dermatitis. But sometimes veterinarians after the examination give not too good conclusions about something more serious. Among serious illnesses is pink lichen in cats. There are many aspects of the disease, disputes on its account are being conducted to this day.
What is pink lichen: disease information
Pink lichen is a painful deviation that has a complex nature. The second name for the disease is shingles. The causes of its occurrence can serve as allergic and infectious factors. Because of their effect on the feline organism, spots can appear on the body of the animal - the so-called foci of lesions of a pink color. This is the main symptom of pink rosacea in cats, which can usually be found in exposed areas of the body. The skin in these places begins to peel noticeably, and the animal, feeling itchy, constantly itches.
A pet can become infected only if there are two factors: a weakened immune system and a sick relative nearby, which will spread the virus.
Pink lichen occurs only with serious immunity problems in the cat. Although this is an infectious disease among animals, a healthy cat without pathologies can pick it up with minimal probability.
A person will not be able to become infected from a sick cat. But doctors recommend not completely excluding such a probability, since the true cause of the infection has not been finally identified. For safety reasons, the infected cat should be kept away:
- from other pets;
- from children and the elderly;
- from people who have had infectious diseases.
Such categories are most at risk of infection.
Symptoms of pink lichen in cats
The main signs of pink lichen in cats is the presence of unusual spots on the body of pets. Pink spots can often be recognized by a characteristic diameter of up to 2 cm, but the first spot that appears can take on large sizes.
In some cases, the symptoms of pink lichen appear in the form of small rashes that are outwardly similar to the usual allergy to some food. Often, owners of animals because of this similarity can not immediately reveal the true ailment.
Most of the lesions are manifested in such parts of the torso of cats:
- the inside of the hips.
Sometimes the symptomatology may not be so obvious:
- both the presence and absence of itching;
- temperature increase;
- the appearance of a general malaise in the animal;
- peeling of the skin in affected areas;
- wrinkling on the skin;
- enlarged lymph nodes.
With a detailed study of the spot, you can see that its edges are deprived of scales, in contrast to the central part. If this is true, then this indicates the initial or peak stage of the disease. If the borders are also scaly, then this is a sign that the spots will continue to grow.
An unpleasant feature of the disease is chronic. Once infected with the cat’s body, the pathogen remains in it forever. If everything is fine with the pet’s state of health, then there will be no manifestations.
The causes of relapse can be not only a repeated weakening of the immune system, but also such reasons:
- poor, unbalanced nutrition, the addition of spoiled foods or poor quality food;
- the effect of stress on the body;
- increased or decreased air temperature in the room where the animal is kept.
Pink lichen in cats and kittens manifests itself in different ways. Small animals, which have already outlived and newborns, unlike middle-aged cats, have less strong immunity. Therefore, in their case, a harmless disease, in which even the hair does not need to be cut, can lead to serious consequences. Signs of lichen in this case look like this:
- each pink spot can become inflamed, exudate stands out from them;
- severe itching;
- the presence of spots of especially large sizes.
The very same kitten or old pet will feel great discomfort during the course of this disease.
Therapy and treatment methods
Experts have proved that in cats, pink lichen passes without treatment. But this approach is appropriate for a mild form of the disease.
In order to eliminate the side effects of depriving, such as itching, you need to include exclusively light food in your pet's diet. Dry food and all kinds of allergens need to be temporarily excluded from the diet. In the event that the cat is suffering from insurmountable itching, the animal cannot tolerate and constantly itches, antihistamines should be used. In some cases, veterinarians may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
But it should be remembered that these medicines are not suitable in order to treat lichen itself, but only weaken its negative symptom - itching.
Treatment of pink lichen in a cat does not require special events. The disease goes naturally. At the same time, animals should be strictly limited to visiting the street, water procedures - that is, a sick cat should not be bathed, contacts with other animals. Water and sun with pink lichen are the main obstacles to recovery. therefore care must be taken that the sun does not fall on the animal and forbid the cat to bask under them.
Since the treatment of the disease is not provided, you can try to strengthen the immune system of your pet. Nutrition should be natural, complete, with the content of all the substances necessary for the animal body, minerals and vitamins.
Subject to all the rules, in 5-6 weeks, lichen will pass on its own, and as suddenly as it once appeared.