Many cat breeds are similar to each other. Some owners do not even know who your pet is. Few people thought about how the British cat breed differs from the Scottish one. Most often, the owners of the Scots call their pets "British fold cat", and do not even realize that such a breed does not exist!
For the "British fold cats" most often pass ordinary Scots, although the shape of the ears is not the only difference between Scottish and British kittens. The result is confusion. However, there are enough differences, and we will try to figure out what they are.
This aristocratic cat breed is one of the oldest. Purebred Britons began to be bred in the 19th century, and the history of the breed began back in antiquity, in the Ancient Roman era.
These cats were actively domesticated by local residents, and together with Roman legionnaires, representatives of the species that was the ancestor of the British were introduced to the British Isles.
These animals were very hardy and quickly moved from the hot climate of the Mediterranean to the cool weather in England.
Officially G. Weyer is considered the creator of the breed, looking for outwardly similar gray, muscular cats for mating. He was the first organizer of the exhibition of these animals in 1861.
Differences in appearance
Anyone, even not a specialist in cat breeds, can recognize representatives of the British breed. The main external differences of cats of this breed:
- the first difference is the regular round shape of the skull, which seems quite wide;
- second difference: all Britons have bryl;
- a straight, wide, but flattened nose with dimples in the nose;
- small, but always straight ears, located at a great distance from each other and quite low;
- the shape of the eyes is close to a perfect circle;
- the most popular eye color among cats is light brown, almost golden, ocher;
- representatives of pure breed do not have a pale rim around the pupil;
- sometimes blue eyes are found;
- the Briton's difference is a strong, muscular body structure, a broad back, powerful legs, a strong torso;
- tail conical, strongly tapering to tip;
- weight - about 5-6 kg, but some animals reach 7 or more kg;
- according to the type of wool, they are divided into two branches - long-haired and short-haired;
- There are several types of color.
There is a common misconception that the color of British cats must be blue (gray). However, it is not. The specific color is not the difference between the breed and others.. Representatives of this breed have a lot of color types, and each of them has its own peculiarity.
This type of color is considered the rarest. It can be easily distinguished by a plain coat with a rich brown color.
Such kittens cost the more, the darker the brown color of their fur. This color is also called havana or chestnut.
Blue color wool
This shade is the most common among kittens of this breed. Its difference is in pure blue, without gray and silver shimmers as standard. For Scots, this is also a popular color, which is why the question arises of how to distinguish a British cat from a Scottish one. In this case, everyone should remember that the difference between one breed and another is far from the color of the coat.
This coloring is also characteristic of the British and the Scots. Differences of the British from the Scottish cat of this color in the depth of color. The Scots have it a little darker and deeper.
But this color just helps to distinguish the British Shorthair and Scottish Shorthair, because it is found only in the British. The Scottish breed also has a similar color, but it is more accurate lines and the depth of the gray part of the color.
Black color is very rare, and therefore its owners are very much appreciated by cat-keepers. It is important that the color is clean, without white hairs and spots - they are considered marriage. Both males and females can be black.
Eye color in these animals is special - light blue. This is also a valuable feature, since the recessive gene is responsible for it.
Very beautiful and also quite rare - white color. These pets look very aristocratic. Moreover, they are somewhat different even from their own kin. They are more flexible and their status is more subtle and graceful. For them the only ones are characterized by light yellow, light green and green eyes - this is the main difference in color.
Color point difference
This type of color is very interesting. It is found in Siamese cats, but it also occurs in other thoroughbred animals. Its feature is a light body color and dark spots on the muzzle, tail and legs. The color of the eyes of these animals is special - light blue, almost gray.
Scots and their differences
Cats of the Scottish breed are the favorites of many. This breed is distinguished by a division into two directions:
- Scottish Straight;
- Scottish fold.
The first type is really difficult to determine what is the difference between a British cat and a Scottish one. The color of their color is largely the same, for the most part. The shape of the muzzle is also similar.
Scottish Fold © shutterstock
Scottish Straight © shutterstock
The differences between a Scottish cat and a British cat are as follows:
- the Scots have a different body structure: animals of this breed are distinguished by a more refined skeleton structure, less squat and not so stocky and broad-bones;
- the muzzle remains flattened, but longer than that of the British;
- less pronounced bryl;
- there are no dimples on the bridge of the nose, what is their difference from the British;
- Scottish cat breed has a thinner, long tail;
- British cats differ from Scottish cats in the shape of paws: the former are shorter, thicker, more massive, and the latter are slender;
- there is a difference in the shape of the head: the Scots have a well-defined chin, and the shape of the skull resembles a pig;
- there is a difference in the shape of ears (if we are talking about conish fold) - the most remarkable. Recall that only Scots can be fold, but aristocrats cannot boast of such a detail in appearance - their ears are always pointed.
Scottish Fold © shutterstock
Differences in habits and behavior
Differences in appearance are not the only things that can be recognized by representatives of different cat breeds, in our case, the British and the Scots. There are also many differences in pet behavior. Both those and others have special habits that distinguish one breed from another.
Many cat owners even choose their pet breed not by external differences, but by nature. In the process of evolution, animals formed behavioral habits.
Behavior and sociability
The British are true aristocrats. In games, they prefer to be worn on their hands, but they themselves are reluctant to run after the bow. Their massive body structure is not adapted to rapid movement, but they can jump high.
The Scots are another matter. They enjoy spending time with children if they are in the house. They also get along well with other pets, even if there is a dog in the house. Scots are very active, inquisitive and ready to play with children all day long.
The British, on the contrary, are uncommunicative and love loneliness - this is the difference in their character.
However, they are accommodating. If you pick up your favorites at the moment when he wants to be alone, he will not be aggressive and try to break out, and even more so - he will not scratch you. He will endure until you are tired of the passivity of your favorites and you yourself will not leave him alone. In this case, he would rather hasten to hide from the excessive attention of the owners.
Briton © shutterstock
The Scots have a special habit - to get up on their hind legs. One such behavior for a graceful animal is a necessity that has developed over many centuries of development. In this way, your pet kneads the back and arranges the vertebrae.
Another difference in the behavior of the Scots - "sitting on the pope": the animal bends one leg, and sits on the thigh of the second leg. Their relatives do not have these two features.
Attitude to height
Even such things that for all representatives of the cat family can distinguish representatives of two related breeds. Strange is the fact that scotlasts are afraid of heights. These animals very rarely climb high, although training can not find a rational explanation for this difference.
The British, by contrast, are very fond of jumping on tall cabinets. Their torso allows them to push strongly off the floor and climb high. Usually they do this in order to hide from everyone and sleep soundly. The difference between the British is just in the love of silence.