If a pet does not appear in the family as a small kitten, then the owners want to know how to calculate the age of a cat on a human? What is useful for an animal at this age, why is it so active now, will there be more offspring? It is more difficult for an older animal to adapt in a new environment, but knowing the age can help overcome a difficult period.
How to calculate the age of a cat
Many believe that correctly determining the age of a cat can simply be "by eye". This is not entirely true. It should not be forgotten that the appearance of the animal and its condition largely depend on the environment of stay. A pet looks much younger than its street friends. All because the owners provide:
- timely and balanced nutrition,
- the prevention of worms.
Street animals, deprived of all the benefits of a home stay, age faster and their life expectancy is shorter.
In common people, the feline age is considered to be translated in human terms, multiplying one to seven. This is not quite the right ratio, since it does not allow you to display the corresponding stages of the animal and human organisms.
And they begin to fall out after six months. If you look closely at the front incisors of an adult pet, you can see how old she is: a crown with uneven edges or a uniformly worn surface indicates that she is six years old. If the animal’s teeth began to fall out, then she’s 10 years old.
How old a cat or dog can be understood, also, by puberty, which already occurs in the period from 6 to 8 months.
Age Matching Tables
It is possible to determine the age of a cat by human standards, but it is necessary to take into account the difference in the coefficients at certain periods of human and animal life. You can find out how old a cat is by human standards using a specific tabular method. The peculiarity lies in the fact that every year the method of calculating compliance will be different.
The table will tell you how to calculate the age of a cat in human years.
|Cat (years)||Person (s)|
According to this improved technique, a pet whose age is 1 year is compared with a teenager of 15 years. A 2-year-old favorite is equivalent to a 24-year-old young man by the appropriate level of physiological development. All subsequent years of cat's life are multiplied by 4. Equal to the age of a cat by human standards, we can conclude that an animal at the age of 20 years is a long-liver, as well as, in fact, a 100-year-old man.
If we calculate the age of the cat, relying on a simpler technique (1: 7), then it turns out that developed animal at the age of one year, comparable to a seven-year-old child. This is not entirely true. It turns out that until the age of 20, animals should not survive at all, because it is almost 140 human years. But in reality, with good care, they can live longer.
Features of age periods
Animals develop much faster than humans. The infancy of a small individual is only a few weeks. If in a child the first teeth appear after 6 months, then in a kitten they erupt much earlier, in about 2-3 weeks. Actively run and explore an interesting world, they start from 1 month. Then, as a human child walks confidently after a year.
Infancy and youth
A 3-month-old animal briskly plays with his brothers and master, recognizes his own. Imitating his mother, he begins to look after himself, wash himself, clean his coat and copy the behavior of his older brothers. He easily finds his bowl, bedding and tray.
If we consider the years of cats according to human years, then the animal in the first 12 months of life undergoes such development that a person completes only by 18 years.
For a short period of time of 2-3 months, pets, by human standards, become several years older. So, a three-month-old kitten is equivalent to a three-year-old baby in development. And by the age of six months, he was developed as a fifteen-year-old teenager. The method of transferring ages helps to understand why it is so important to pay maximum attention to raising a small pet in this short period.
It is during this period that the main character traits, skills, and also bad habits are laid. Inexperienced owners often forgive his pranks and disobedience in the hope that this will pass over time. At this point, it is important to learn to be firm and to promptly stop naughty people. After all, by 6 months the animal has a fully developed character, which will be difficult to fix.
Puberty in pets occurs between 5 and 7 months. The first estrus may appear and even pregnancy can occur. However, the body is still too young and this is not the most favorable period for mating. The body must fully form.
Having matured and become more serious, the pet continues, nevertheless, to often play and hide. And the kitty becomes more graceful and even predatory
The speed of development depends on several factors, including the breed. Individuals of eastern breeds develop somewhat earlier, and by one year they, as a rule, are fully developed. And larger breeds complete development only closer to 2 years.
On average, the heyday of youth in animals begins at one and a half year old. This is 20 years old cat by human standards. The period lasts about six years. And ends by 40 years of relative age of cats by human standards. During this period, the animal is distinguished by special energy, strength and endurance.. Also, this is the most favorable period for exhibitions and breeding quality offspring. For purebred individuals, the ideal period for motherhood ends by seven years. In order to maintain the well-being of the animal after this period, it is worth following the recommendations of specialists:
- timely sterilization enhances the health and energy of the animal;
- optimal weight, measures to prevent obesity will help him live longer;
- sincere love and attention to a furry friend also contributes to well-being and longevity.
Maturity and old age
The adult age of a cat by human standards comes to seven years, i.e., to 50 years of a person. The animal can still be playful, but basically it behaves more calmly. Activity in this period largely depends on the breed and living conditions. There are such breeds that retain a playful character until old age.
But, unfortunately, the matured body begins to give out malfunctions in some systems. Signs of chronic diseases are sometimes manifested.
In cats, age is considered to be old by 12 years. A large role in the life span of the animal is played by the conditions of detention and genetics. Street individuals who have suffered hardships and bad weather rarely live longer than 10 years. And pets often live up to 20 years, which in human terms reaches one hundred years. Of course, in order to prolong the life of a beloved friend, he will need special care and the absence of stressful situations.
Particular attention should be paid to the diet of an elderly animal. Large amounts of salt, protein, and phosphorus can lead to kidney or heart failure. Food should contain the necessary vitamins and minerals, but at the same time be less high-calorie.
How long can a pet live
The leading breeds in terms of life expectancy are: Manx, Siamese and Thai. And the least purebred live Snow - shu.
Although it is generally accepted that an animal is his life line for 20 years, there are still many examples where they live much longer. According to officially documented evidence, the oldest cattery was 29 years old. But according to the owners, there are animals that have lived much longer. For example, a cat from Texas was 38 years old when she died. And in the UK the animal managed to reach the 40-year milestone.
An interesting story happened with a homeless cat in faraway Switzerland, who could have lived even if he had not been euthanized. At the same time, he was homeless and lived near the railway station. For many years, station workers supported him, fed him and looked after him. Thus, the cat lived for 33 years. And they lulled him out of pity, because he almost lost his sight and hearing and was almost without teeth.
And today there is still an English 25-year-old pet, which has already survived three generations of its heirs. She still lives fully, although not so quick.
In addition to the genetic predisposition and breed, a number of factors influence the life span of a pet:
- A balanced diet. Proper nutrition, enriched with vitamins and minerals, improves vitality.
- Systematic examination by a veterinarian. Timely consultation will help identify and prevent disease.
- Attention and playing with animals.
- Proper hygiene of claws, hair and teeth.
The owners of long-lived animals confirm that the life expectancy of their pets is directly dependent on their kind attitude towards them. Animals just need care and affection. Despite many diseases in old age, the love of the owners can extend the life of an already full member of the family.