At the age of 3-4 months, the growth of kittens is activated and gaining momentum. A change of teeth is observed, there is an intensive development and strengthening of the skeleton, muscle mass is growing - significant changes are taking place in the body. Therefore, the question of how to feed a kitten in 3-4 months is quite relevant. After all, for proper development, he will need to choose a balanced diet containing the necessary vitamins and minerals.
At this age, a little fluffy begins to be actively interested in his surroundings and has fun playing with all possible objects. Of course, the baby needs a lot of strength and energy for such activities. The changes taking place in the body and rapid growth also require enormous resources. Where to get them? The answer is obvious - the kitten can get the necessary substances to support vital functions with food. From what direction in the feeding system you choose, its further development and the health of the body will depend.
Features and rules of feeding
When feeding a kitten at the age of 3-4 months, a number of important points should be taken into account:
- the smaller and more active the kitten, the greater should be the frequency of feeding;
- a malnourished pet will develop more slowly and get sick more often, overeating will suffer from obesity and other diseases;
- decide in advance on the choice of food for your pet: natural food or ready-made food for kittens;
- introduce new products gradually, without offering all at once and alternating feeding with different foods (the kitten gradually gets used to a certain diet);
- you can’t put the entire daily portion in a bowl: the baby has not yet learned to control his appetite and can overeat, and after a while the hungry body will have nothing to support its growth and playful state;
- watch the temperature of the food served to him: the food should be warm;
- do not forget to add minerals and vitamins to food;
- the kitten should have a separate bowl for warm drinking water (the drink should be changed often so that it does not stagnate, and the bowl should be thoroughly washed to prevent oxidation; the pet should have unlimited access to water).
Regime and rate of feeding
The total weight of servings consumed per day should be approximately 0.2 kg per 1 kg of weight (with standard weight, kittens need 0.4 kg of feed per day, i.e. 0.1 kg of feed should be eaten by a pet at one meal) . A three-month-old kitten can cost 180 grams, while a four-month-old kitten may not be enough even two hundred (with a weight of 3 kg - 0.6 kg per day). The appetite and ability to digest the proposed amount of food will depend on many factors: the exact age, breed, activity, weight, health status of the pet.
For every day, experts advise you to make a varied diet and set a schedule for feeding pets. Three-month-old kittens are recommended to be fed 5-6 times a day, and four-month-olds, if there are no problems, can be transferred to 4-times feeding.
Choosing a certain method of nutrition, do not step back from it, otherwise it will threaten unpredictable consequences for the baby’s fragile body. It is forbidden to combine two ways of feeding - the use of natural food and ready-made cat food.
Veterinarians explain this by the fact that:
- wards will have digestive problems leading to gastrointestinal diseases;
- an overdose of vitamins in an animal can lead to hypervitaminosis.
After changing milk teeth in the diet of a growing 3-4 month old kitten, solid protein-rich foods must be present. It is recommended to diversify dairy products whenever possible. Also, veterinarians advise adding vegetables rich in various vitamins to food. The meat components must be included in the pet's diet in overwhelming quantities, and cereals and vegetables can make up less than half the daily portion of food. You can’t completely refuse a kitten to eat meat: the taurine contained in it is very important for heart and eye health.
It must be remembered that natural nutrition does not mean feeding the animal products from its table.
Veterinary experts advise to include such natural products in a kitten’s nutrition for 3-4 months:
- without fail, the kitten needs to consume boiled lean meat - primarily beef, as well as chicken or turkey meat in small chopped slices or in the form of minced meat (if there is a confirmed absence of worms from three months old, it is also allowed to give raw frozen meat checked for quality);
- skim milk and fermented milk products without additives - kefir, fermented baked milk, etc.
- low-fat cottage cheese, necessary for strengthening teeth and bones (initially it is better to start with the use of a ready-made liquid product, for example, cottage cheese brand "Agusha", well-established)
- various vegetables - pumpkin, zucchini, cabbage - in a crushed form (raw grated are best, but if the kitten refuses to use them in pure form, you can mix vegetable mixtures into porridge or boil cereals in a vegetable broth);
- raw or boiled and chopped egg yolk;
- low-fat fish without bones (preferably sea, because a river pet can easily become infected with worms);
- cereal dishes - cereals in water, milk, vegetable and meat broth (the cat's body perceives semolina and rice best of all);
- special, useful for cats, weed (you can grow it yourself on the windowsill, or buy germinated oat or wheat sprouts in a pet store or veterinary pharmacy);
- vegetable oil in small quantities to improve digestion.
What can not be fed?
It is recommended to completely exclude a three-month-old kitten from food:
- fatty foods that only harm the stomach and liver (in particular pork - meat, lard, fat);
- meat with bones (a kitten can choke on hollow bones, scratch the walls of the stomach);
- whole cow's milk;
- salty and seasoned foods (often, in an effort to make food more attractive, breeders rely on their taste and make it completely unsuitable and dangerous for a small immature body);
- spicy and canned food (sausages, canned food from your table);
- fried food (may clog the intestines with slag);
- tomatoes and eggplant;
- corn and cereals from it;
- any sweets, especially chocolate (eating them leads to a weakening of immunity, causes tooth diseases and hair loss).
The use of certain products is best limited to a minimum, these are:
- oat and bean cereals;
- River fish;
- potatoes in any form (cats are almost not able to digest starch).
During the illness period, some foods are also excluded from the diet: with diarrhea - fermented milk, with constipation - solid food containing the necessary amount of carbohydrate starch. In addition, the "catman" needs to be very careful and store vitamins and medicines intended for people outside the kitten's access area, otherwise, having tried them, he could get serious poisoning.
How often and in what quantity per week you can give your pet basic products - each owner decides individually, but the main recommendations are as follows:
|Daily||Every 2 days||in 7 days|
|beef (30-80 grams)||vegetable oil (0.5 tsp)||3-4 times in 7 days: chicken or minced meat: (50-120 grams)|
|milk and sour-milk products without fruit additives (100 grams each)||2-3 times in 7 days: vegetable puree or cereal with the addition of vegetables (20-30 grams of vegetables)|
|1-2 times in 7 days: raw egg yolk (1 pc.)|
|cereals and cereals in cereals (100 grams)|
|low-fat marine fish (100 grams)|
|beef or chicken liver (50 grams)|
Depending on the exact age, weight and activity of the pet, these proportions can be reduced or increased by 5-15%.
Opinions of veterinarians regarding which food to prefer - natural or ready-made specialized do not coincide. The main advantage of the finished feed is that you do not need to introduce, as with natural nutrition, a special feeding, as it already contains fortified supplements. But there is a significant drawback - the addition of flavors and preservatives that can harm the health of babies.
If you decide to feed your pet with prepared foods, you need to remember the rules:
- Do not mix dry and wet food together;
- stop at the stern of a certain brand and change it only in case of emergency.
When choosing ready meals, you need to carefully study the products of manufacturers. To clarify whether it is possible to use dry and moist canned food using their food, in what quantity they should be given. According to the recommendations of veterinarians, from four months old a kitten can be poured all at once at once: he already knows how to control the amount of food eaten. Wet canned foods in sauce and jelly are best poured in the quantity required for a single meal. In the event of a possible combination of the pet’s daily diet, according to the recommendations of specialists, it should consist of 3 quarters of dry and 1 quarter of canned food.
Therefore, it is better not to save on the health of your favorite pussies. Such brands as Royal Canin, Acana, Purina, Nutro Choice have long established themselves in the Russian market. Among them there are both dry and wet canned foods that can be combined.
Without harming the baby’s health, you can use such feeds as:
One of the best proven feed in the super premium series. It is a complete balanced diet and is the best hypoallergenic food. Food is produced in its own juice. The composition includes only whole and fresh ingredients. In the optimal amount, it contains meat ingredients, vegetables, fruits, algae, fresh eggs, polyunsaturated fats, proteins and proteins.
Dry feed of this company is the best substitute for natural nutrition, as it contains substances necessary for maintaining the vital functions and activity of the kitten. Especially popular is the "medical" line of the brand. The composition of the veterinary feed of this company is perfectly balanced and takes into account the characteristics of a particular disease. Suitable food for kittens aged 4-12 months.
Kitten Care Features
In general, kittens in 3-4 months should be kept the same as before. An important difference is that since, starting from 3 months, they eat meat and fish, it means they can be infected with worms and various infections. Therefore, owners need to adhere to the vaccination schedule and timely deworm the pets.
With any diet - eating "natural" or feeding industrial food - you need to monitor the constant access of the pet to clean drinking water. After eating, allow the animal time to relax and rest, and then play with it to maintain physical activity and health.