One of the significant moments that stops many people in the desire to have a cat is molting and wool in all corners of the apartment. This is especially true for allergy sufferers, whose life becomes unbearable under such conditions. But this does not mean that you need to say goodbye to the dream of a pet, because there are such breeds of cats that do not fade.
To be objective, it should be noted that there can be no 100% absence of molting in cats, but in individual breeds the coat does not change very intensively. In addition to eliminating allergic reactions, this requires a rarer wet cleaning, which is important for people who save free time, but do not want to pay for the lack of cleanliness in the house.
Sphinx is a group of breeds with minimal wool, which automatically made it very popular and popular throughout the world. It was received in 1966 due to the random fusion of certain genes, after which it began to be actively reproduced by specialists from various countries.
There are many varieties of this breed, but they all have fully or partially reduced hair, and often even a mustache and eyebrows are missing.
According to the state of the hairline, cats of this breed are grouped into the following categories:
- hairless (in the cold season, when the temperature in the house drops, kittens up to a year may partially grow fur);
- flock (a short soft fluff resembling the hairline of children of the first year of life);
- velor (length 1 - 5 mm);
- brush (spinous curly rare hair).
In those cats that have a rare coating, it may shed and not recover with age.
There is one important nuance that people who want to get the sphinx should know: their skin gives off sweat, which dyes fabric on furniture or carpets. This secret can be washed off from the skin only with baby oil. To use soap or shampoo for this is strictly prohibited.
The most captivating feature of the sphinxes is the extreme friendliness and affection for the owner. They love tactile contacts, so they are happy to sit on their hands or sleep next to the owner.
Among the sphinxes, attention should be paid to such representatives of the group:
- Petersburg (St. Petersburg Sphinx) To the touch, his bare skin resembles a rubber surface. It is very sensitive to the sun, so in the summer it is unsafe to give an animal access to the street to his health. He will not shed, as it relates to the starving. Care for peterbold includes the constant wiping of the eyelids with cotton pads. This is necessary because they constantly have tears flowing, especially with meals.
- Donskoy. Sometimes kittens appear woolly, but even then, by the age of two they become completely bald, so they no longer fade.
- Canadian. These cats have folding skin, especially in the forehead, and this is how they differ from other cats. Mustache and eyebrows are almost always absent. Big ears and wide-open eyes make their faces very cute.
If a person still wants the pet to be soft to the touch, you can opt for rex. These cats are known for curling their hair, and this provides an unusual appearance. A great feature of Rex is that their presence in the house practically does not give out a specific cat smell: the substances secreted by their glands are not so strongly felt in comparison with other breeds.
Each species has its own characteristics:
- Devon rex considered one of the most suitable options for allergy sufferers. If you periodically comb their rare hair, then you can hardly notice how they fade. Kittens sometimes become sticky due to secretions, especially on the sides and abdomen.
- Cornish Rex has only one part of the coat - a shortened undercoat, the remaining hair is completely absent.
- Selkirk Rex It can be short-haired and long-haired, but the structure of the cover with thick curls resembles a sheep fleece. Especially pronounced curls are located on the neck, chest, on the stomach and hind legs of cats.
Rex is a great option for those who love cats, but are very sensitive to their smell and can hardly tolerate periods when animals molt. This breed looks exotic, in addition, its representatives are very playful and funny.
Siam Oriental Group
This group molts very gradually and smoothly. The process is almost imperceptible because the undercoat is completely absent on their skin, and the length of the coat is very small, but at the same time it is smooth and shiny. Nor are they expressed seasonal molting, which in cats usually occurs in spring and autumn.
The most profitable options from the Siamese-oriental group for a person who does not want to face the fact that his pet has begun to molt intensively are the following breeds:
- Siamese. They have a small undercoat, but with constant combing, which is quick and easy, there is no problem with molting. It is only necessary to remember that these cats have a very developed vengeance and vindictiveness, so Siamese is not suitable for everyone.
- Balinese. The average coat and the complete absence of undercoat ensures the absence of tangles.
- Orientals. The surface of their body is satin, with a snug fit of hairs to the skin. Among the orientals, you can find a huge variety of colors, ranging from black to lavender. Care is extremely simple, because they do not need frequent bathing, and they do not need a haircut and combing. Only exhibition specimens recommend combing with a special rubber brush before the exhibition to remove faded hairs.
- Mekong Bobtail. Very graceful cats that are similar in color to the Siamese, but much softer and fluffier. Under the condition of periodic combing, they almost do not fade, since they have practically no undercoat. Its presence is a sign of marriage of the breed. Now representatives with a lilac, gold and cream color are most appreciated and in demand.
- Burmese. Their main advantage is a beautiful short woolen coat, glossy in the sun. Dark colors look very expensive and elegant, without causing problems with care. They do not fade, but they have one significant drawback: absurd and capricious in nature, so they are suitable only for real aesthetes.
If cats belonging to these groups begin to molt intensely, then an urgent need to be sought for a cause, since this phenomenon cannot be called normal. The most common factors are:
- reaction to feed changes;
- lack of vitamins and nutrients;
- chronic digestive disorders;
- fungal skin diseases;
- external or internal parasites;
- hormonal disruptions;
- oncological diseases, etc.
In this case, it is best to show the pet to a doctor who can dispel doubts and, if necessary, recommend a normal treatment regimen and measures. After their use, the animal should stop shedding pathologically.