Scottish Straight or the Scottish Straight Cat is a very young breed with beautiful plush fur, a rounded muzzle, balanced and calm character.
History of breed origin
The history of the Scottish Straight breed is closely related to the British Shorthair cats and Scottish fold, they are also Scottish folds. It started around 1961 in the Teiside region of Scotland, on a farm near the town of Cupar Angus, an unusual kitten with hanging ears was born, it was called Susie. After 2 years, she had offspring of two fold of two ordinary kittens.
Further crosses showed that it is impossible to bring two fold cats together due to strong mutations and bone abnormalities that occur in the offspring. But, if one of the parents will be with standing ears, and the second with hanging ears, then this feature can well be preserved. Half of the offspring will look like a mom, and the other half will be like a dad.
At first, crosses between the British and the Fold Scots were also allowed, and kittens with straight ears were regarded as British, but this only caused harm to both breeds, so the felinologists decided to put everything in its place. All erect cats, in whose family were fold, were called Scottish, so there was a division into "straights" and "folds". The British remained aloof, and to this day should only interbreed.
For decades, Scottish Straight cats, which, incidentally, do not carry the lop-eared gene, were in the shadow of their mutated relatives and were regarded only as a means of obtaining lop-eared offspring. But at the beginning of the 21st century, the situation changed, the straights were nevertheless given their due, and in 2004-2005 felinological organizations officially registered the breed as independent and completely self-sufficient, especially since folds are not needed for breeding straight Scottish cats.
General characteristics of the breed
Scottish Straight - Medium sized cats with a moderately long six and elegant rounded contours. They have a muscular physique and strong limbs. Cats are slightly smaller than cats, their average weight is 3-3.5 kg, cats usually weigh up to 5 kg.
The muzzle of Straights is rounded with full cheeks, which are especially noticeable in cats and are additionally emphasized by pads for vibrissae. The ears are small, narrowly open, stand upright, wide at the base, set high and located far enough from each other. The tips of the ears are slightly pointed and slightly apart.
Ears on the outside are well pubescent, lush, dense brushes are visible inside. The nose is wide, without humps. Stop is very smooth. The eyes are round, large, the color of the iris corresponds to the color of the coat. The head almost imperceptibly goes into a short neck. The tail is proportional to the body, reaching the middle of the scapula. Straight movements are free and plastic.
The coat of Scottish straight eats is plush, very dense with a fine structure and thick soft undercoat; it does not adhere to the body. Color can be absolutely anything. The length of the hair is average, and the texture largely depends on the season and color.
Scottish straight cats are very smart cats, in addition, they are distinguished by a modest flexible character, moderately intrusive. Very attached to home and family, but often prefer one owner. Like the rest of the Scottish family, they prefer to be near a person or sit on their hands. It adapts very easily to new conditions and people. They are not at all aggressive and even to some extent calm, affectionate towards children. As a rule, they get along well with other pets without problems, they often find a common language with rodents and birds.
Scottish Straights easily endure short loneliness if they have food and favorite toys. They also feel comfortable in a noisy company. But there are those who prefer to just go to a quieter place. You can hear a straight only in rare cases when a pet needs something from the owner very much, most likely it will be food.
Nurturing straight is rarely difficult. These are obedient, intelligent animals that distinguish between what is possible and what is not, rarely spoil things or smuggle an apartment. Quickly accustom to the tray or scratching post. Cats of Scottish straight breed - a great option for any family.
The only thing the owner needs to consider is that the representatives of this breed do not tolerate coercion, so you should not try to forcibly hold them in your arms. Be content that they like to sit down close and snuggle up to your hip, gladly letting you stroke yourself. Blissfully, cute cats squint their eyes and purr loudly, cocking their heads and exposing their necks in anticipation of scratching.
Scottish Straight is a purely domestic cat that does not need frequent walks. However, if you organize for him entertainment and outdoor games, a pet of any age will thank you.
This animal has a rare quality for cats - stress resistance. Thanks to this, straight-up Scots quite easily transfer relocations to a new place of residence, long trips, a change in their usual environment. Usually they quickly and painlessly adapt to unusual conditions and get used to new faces.
If you rudely “bully” a Scottish Straight, he will never respond with aggression, trying to bite or scratch you like other cats, and silently move to another place.
Care and maintenance
There is nothing complicated about caring for plush cats. They comb out once or twice a week, pay attention to the areas behind the ears, on the stomach and the back of the paws. Do not forget to trim the claws on time, if necessary, rub the cat’s eyes and clean the ears.
For any hygienic procedures, especially those that are familiar from childhood, Straights are calm or even perceived with pleasure. Often the owners of this breed note that their pets are not only not afraid of water, but are drawn to it, only they can be bathed no more than once a month.
It is important to remember that plush wool rolls very badly and is removed from the stomach, therefore, in order to avoid clogging and related problems, from the age of six months, a kitten is taught to receive special pastes for removing wool.
Scottish cats can be fed with prepared foods, dry or in braces. A diet is selected depending on the age, breed and physiological condition of the pet. You can also feed the Scots with natural products. It is better to make a diet with a specialist, with a veterinarian or breeder.
Be careful to keep as few foods high in fat and salt as possible in your diet. Their regular use will lead to the development of obesity in the pet, gradually it will become lethargic and inactive.
It is important that he meets all the needs of the pet, is healthy and balanced. A mixed type of food is possible, but not recommended.
Any changes in feeding should be gradual. The pet must have clean water in free access, even if he prefers to drink from a tap or an aquarium.
Scottish cats have good health and good heredity; no genetic diseases have been found in the breed. With good care, nutrition, timely vaccinations and anthelmintic measures, the first serious diseases appear only at an advanced age.
Criteria for choosing a kitten
Toddler Scottish kids acquire independence skills by around 3 months of age. Only then can they be taken away from the mother-cat at the age of approximately three months. By this time, they are already weaning from mother's milk and care. It is important to consider that feeding the kitten after weaning from the mother’s breast is necessary with the same food that he used to consume in the house of the previous owner. When choosing a purebred Scottish straight, first of all, pay attention to the features of his character, and then to external data. Too frightened and “squeezed” kittens are unlikely to become brave adult cats. But if you are ready to devote time to their upbringing, and most importantly, sincerely love these animals, smart straights will give their all. They will do everything to please their master and correct negative traits of character.
The price of a kitten will depend on the presence or absence of the necessary documents about its origin. The cost of an animal without a veterinary passport usually does not exceed 2 thousand rubles, and the presence of the necessary documents can raise this price ten times.