Despite all the efforts of modern virologists, rabies remains a disease to which medicine is powerless. The only way to protect pets and members of your family is to get vaccinated timely. However, some owners are very concerned about the complications in cats after vaccination against rabies: are they frequent and how dangerous?
What is rabies in cats?
But what is rabies in cats? Indeed, almost everyone has heard about this disease, and everyone also knows that it is extremely dangerous. But why and why?
The thing is in the pathogen and features of the pathogenesis of rabies:
- The virus belongs to the rhabdovirus family, is a neurotropic parasite. This means that the microorganism deliberately affects the nerve tissue, "focusing" on the brain. It is the damage to the central nervous system that leads to inadequate and aggressive (but not always) the behavior of a sick animal.
- The virus is released in large quantities with the saliva of a sick cat, since its replication additionally occurs directly in the salivary glands of the pet. It should be noted here that virus isolation begins even before the appearance of the first clinical signs, and therefore, in cases when an apparently healthy cat bites its owner (during the game, for example), everything can end tragically.
- Rabies is far from always canonical. Many believe that this disease is necessarily accompanied by severe aggression and salivation in the animal. But in fact, there are several forms of this disease. Many of them (paralytic, atypical) generally do not imply any aggression, and the owner may not understand what exactly happened to his pet.
The main and, in fact, the only one is infection through a bite. In this case, the virus immediately enters the wound channel along with the saliva of a sick animal, and then begins to move towards the nearest nerve trunks.
But still there are two hypothetically possible ways of infection:
- Through food. But! If a cat just eats meat from a rabid animal, nothing bad will happen to him. The same goes for eating rabid milk. The problem is more complicated. The fact is that the maximum amount of an infectious agent is based in the brain. And even when eating the brains of a sick animal, the cat will most likely not get sick, because in the acidic environment of the stomach, the virus dies almost instantly. But in cases when there are wounds and scratches in the mouth and esophagus of a pet (obtained, including, during bone grazing), the infection is really real.
- Infection by airborne droplets. But in this case, the verdict of experts is unambiguous - this cannot happen in the "field" conditions. For infection in this case, an extremely high concentration of the virus in the air is required, unattainable even if the sick cat stays in the same room all week.
This pathology is extremely dangerous due to the fact that after the development of clinical symptoms in a person or animal, it is already incurable. More precisely, if the cat has not been vaccinated and rabies is suspected, it should be euthanized (in some cases after quarantine, but not later than the onset of the first symptoms). A bitten person is prescribed a course of monovalent autoimmune serum (injections are extremely painful, but help save the patient's life).
Preparing a cat for vaccination
Note that preparing a cat for vaccination is quite simple and doesn’t require anything “supernatural”:
- The animal before and after vaccination must be provided with a high-quality, balanced diet (however, it is not out of place at another time).
- It is necessary to try to completely enclose the pet from various stresses and worries.
- Mandatory antiparasitic treatment of the cat is required at least 10 days before the established vaccination period. And, unfortunately, many owners completely forget about this crucial requirement. But toxins, abundantly secreted by helminths, suppress the body's defense reactions and prevent the formation of normal immunity!
- Exhausted and obese animals should not be vaccinated, or not recommended. First, the pet must acquire its normal physical shape.
Possible complications after rabies vaccination in cats
So, we got to consider the specific topic of our article. What are the possible complications after vaccination in cats found in veterinary practice? Fortunately, there are very few of them:
- With extreme caution, constantly keeping antihistamines on hand, vaccinate pets prone to allergic reactions. The fact is that rabies vaccines (like all biological products) are potential allergens. Therefore, one needs to be careful with such animals: in their case there is a certain risk of allergic reactions, up to anaphylactic reactions (i.e., for example, there is a risk of Quincke's edema or a relatively harmless urticaria).
- Much more often, slight redness and light seals appear at the injection site. But there is no cause for concern only if these phenomena are indeed insignificant and occupy a small area of the skin directly around the injection site. If, after vaccination, the cat begins to itch strongly, and he has redness and rashes on those parts of the body that have nothing to do with the injection site, it is necessary to urgently call a veterinarian, since such signs indicate the development of a massive allergic reaction.
- Some pets after vaccination show signs of nervousness, they are excited and restless. Other cats, on the contrary, become lethargic, try to sleep more. This is also considered normal, but only in cases where such behavior is observed for no more than a day. In other situations, call a veterinarian.
- Finally, in the case of gross violations of the rules of asepsis and antiseptics, the development of suppuration and abscesses at the injection site is possible. In this case, do not self-medicate: immediately call a veterinarian, as in advanced cases, sometimes surgical intervention is required.
- For approximately the same reasons (due to careless injection), the cat may begin to drag the paw into the area of which the injection was placed. This is due to damage to nerve endings. As a rule, you should not worry, as this passes by itself, but if the animal can’t walk at all without starting to meow in pain, you should also call a specialist.
What to do if complications arise
So what if complications arise, to the owner himself? In general, we have already given the answer to this question above. It is necessary to call a doctor. In mild cases, you just need to give the cat complete peace and unlimited access to clean drinking water.
Here are just the most "unpleasant" of them:
- Often, neurological disorders developed, up to seizures similar to epileptic.
If something was wrong with the vaccinated pet’s immunity, the consequences were sad. Of course, it didn’t reach the rage (all the same cultures were very weakened), but there was an abundance of viruses to develop neurological pathologies and “puny” viruses.
But we repeat again: when using any (not fake, of course) modern vaccine, even the hypothetical possibility of such serious complications is absent, since they are made from "ground" viruses, which pose no danger to the health and life of the cat.