How long does the cat move away from anesthesia after sterilization? How to care for in the postoperative period? These questions are often asked by breeders.
Sterilization, if the operation was carried out according to the rules and a qualified specialist, as a rule, takes place without any complications and the sterilized cat quickly returns to its normal lifestyle, but only if the owners strictly follow all the recommendations of the veterinarian.
In order for the rehabilitation period to pass as quickly as possible and the animal's body to adapt to a new state, a sterilized female needs special care and attention. It is especially important to monitor the condition of the cat in the first three days after surgery, during the period when the cat leaves anesthesia.
What you need to know about sterilization and types of anesthesia
Owners who decide to sterilize a cat in order to avoid the appearance of accidental offspring are very worried not only about how the operation will go, but also how long the cat will recover after anesthesia.
Important! Sterilization of animals is carried out in a veterinary clinic or at home under general or combined anesthesia.
The choice of anesthesia depends on the type of operation performed. The veterinarian takes into account the age, individual, physiological characteristics of the animal's body.
Before sterilization, the veterinarian can choose one of the following options:
- Ovariectomy Surgery involves only removal of the ovaries. The uterus remains in the peritoneum.
- Ovariohysterectomy. Removal of all organs of the reproductive tract (uterus, ovaries).
- Tubal ligation (tubal occlusion). After this operation, even if accidental mating occurs, pregnancy will not occur, and the cat will not bring offspring.
Depending on the type of surgical intervention, the choice of a particular anesthesia technique depends. In modern veterinary medicine, obsolete drugs that were previously equated with narcotic drugs are not used. Therefore, harm to the body after anesthesia for the body of caudate patients is minimal.
But nevertheless, one should not exclude possible complications, because even with the correct dosage, the body can respond differently to the administration of anesthetics.
In most cases, sterilization uses general anesthesia, which is often supplemented with local anesthesia to enhance the effect of pain relief. After the operation, you can leave the cat in the clinic for several days or take the pet home about 30-40 minutes after the operation.
How long the cat leaves after anesthesia
The first 24-48 hours after sterilization is the most important and crucial moment. During this period, the animal departs from anesthesia and it is strictly forbidden to leave it unattended.
Typically, after surgery, the cat will sleep from three to eight or more hours. Long sleep depends on the dosage, type of anesthesia, the drug used to introduce the animal into anesthesia.
Some cats completely withdraw from anesthesia only 12-28 hours after sterilization, especially if the veterinarian has used deep anesthesia and potent anesthetics.
Remember! Not a single veterinarian guarantees that the animal will immediately regain consciousness after the operation and withdraw after anesthesia and its behavior will become habitual.
The time when the cat begins to recover after a narcotic sleep and gradually return to normal life also depends on the age, individual characteristics of the body, the body's response to the action of the anesthetic drug, on the dosage of the anesthetic administered and on the correct actions of the owner.
First days after surgery
After you bring the cat from the clinic, most likely your pet will sleep, or be in a half-conscious state. Do not be afraid that the cat’s behavior, as soon as she begins to recover, will not be too adequate. The body is weakened, the reflexes are blunted, so the reaction to external stimuli is usually unpredictable.
After anesthesia, the cat notes:
- Lack of coordination of movement. The animal stumbles upon furniture, other interior items.
- Lethargy, drowsiness, depression, apathy.
- The cat is disoriented in space, trying to hide in dark corners.
- Gait shaky, uncertain. The animal slowly moves its paws, falls on its side.
- A sharp change in behavior. The cat may be anxious, causeless aggression. The pet is reluctant to make contact, constantly meowing or hissing plaintively.
- Shortness of breath, heart rhythm disturbance.
- Unstable body temperature. In the first hours after surgery, temperature indicators can be slightly reduced by 0.5-1 degrees (after anesthesia hypothermia) or, conversely, increased (hyperthermia).
- The absence or weak reaction of the pupil to light.
- Violation of urination (involuntary urination), bowel movements, unstable stool.
In cats, swallowing (pain when swallowing) and digestion (nausea, vomiting, unstable stools) may be difficult in the early days. Thirst increased. Cats refuse food, favorite treats. Pet movements become chaotic. Muscle cramps, cramps are possible. In general, the condition and behavior of the mustachioed pet will gradually normalize, and already on the second or third day after the operation, the animal will return to its usual way and rhythm of life.
But if it seemed to you that the cat’s behavior was too inadequate, signs of malaise are noticeable, other consequences of anesthesia or complications that appeared immediately after sterilization or appeared later are replaced, consult your veterinarian. Take the cat to the clinic or call a doctor at home.
The protracted cat's exit from anesthesia
In rare cases, a cat after surgery may not go out of anesthesia for a long time. Lethargy, drowsiness, depressed state, refusal of food, unstable temperature - a characteristic condition that accompanies animals after anesthesia.
But if the animal does not return to its usual life for a long time, it is possible that, for one reason or another, postoperative complications developed, among which one can note:
- Post-anesthetic hyperthermia. After anesthesia in the first 3-8 hours, the body temperature may be slightly reduced, but not more than 0.5-1 degrees. The cat has a cold body, earlobes, paw pads. Mucous pale. Breathing shallow, rare. Heart rhythm disturbed.
- Temperature rise. A similar condition is diagnosed if the cat has a fever and the indicators do not stabilize on the third day.
- Bleeding is internal.
- Acute allergic reaction on the effect of drugs used for anesthesia.
Possible complications include infection of the postoperative wound with pathogenic flora, suppuration of the scar, and swelling around the suture. Such a condition is most often noted if the cat licks the wound, tries to gnaw and independently remove the stitches.
If the cat’s temperature rises or is very low, blue, pale mucous membranes, the animal does not leave the narcotic sleep for 20-24 hours, he is tormented by exhausting vomiting, after 48 hours coordination of movements has not been restored, urgently contact a veterinarian.
Cat care after sterilization
About what should be the proper care of the animal after sterilization, will tell the veterinarian who performed the operation. After arriving from the clinic, lay the cat on a soft bed, which is covered with a sterile white cloth. Place a place or a cat's house on the floor, on any other flat surface, but only not on an elevation, not in a draft, and not next to heating appliances.
Departing from anesthesia, the cat does not control its reflexes. Sudden movements, jumping from a height or random behavior can lead to divergence of surgical sutures.
Important! The first day, carefully monitor the behavior and condition of the cat. Do not leave the animal unattended.
In case of hypothermia, cover the animal with a blanket, a warm blanket. Place a warm heating pad or plastic bottles filled with hot water under the back.
If the temperature rises, do not give the cat an antipyretic designed for humans. Moisten the cat with a damp towel, moisten your lips with cool water. The temperature should return to normal 12-38 hours after surgery.
When to feed and give water
After anesthesia, it is possible to feed a cat only when it completely leaves the narcotic sleep, the animal itself will show interest in food. Food should be easily digestible, warm.
Do not feed or drink the cat by force. Put water next to the pet. After anesthesia, a cat can be fed no earlier than three hours after surgery. But if the ward slept for a long time, water can be offered to the animal immediately after waking up.
It is best to give canned prepared food intended for sterilized / neutered animals or food intended for feeding animals in the postoperative period. Halve the normal serving, to normal power
As soon as the cat comes out of anesthesia completely, leaves after the operation, she herself will go to her bowl and ask for food. The bowl should have fresh drinking water.
Cat Eye & Seam Care
To prevent the conjunctiva from drying out, since the cat is anesthetized with eyes open, drip special preventive ophthalmic drops into the eyes, close the eyelids with your hands until the animal opens its eyes independently. In each eye, 1-2 drops of the drug.
Sutures, the postoperative area should be treated with antiseptic solutions, bactericidal lotions, which will be prescribed by a veterinarian. To avoid infection, and the cat does not lick the stitches, put on a blanket or a protective collar. It can be purchased at a veterinary clinic, clinic or made independently from plastic, cardboard.
Summing up, we can say that a cat, if the operation was normal and without complications, will get out of anesthesia and her condition will normalize after about 12-26 hours after the operation. If something disturbs you in the behavior of the furry darling, consult your veterinarian.
If the veterinarian provides a hospital, we recommend using this service. In case of serious complications or inaccuracies in care, the rehabilitation period can last about two months.