The dog, immobilized for some reason, cannot lead a full-fledged lifestyle and is forced to lie for most of the day. A lot of time and energy of the owner is spent on special care, however, with long treatment or paralysis, unfortunately, it can not do without complications. Pressure ulcers in dogs are the consequences of circulatory disorders, a soft tissue area loses nutrition and begins to die (necrosis), muscles atrophy and lose their capacity to function.
Causes and stages of the formation of pressure sores
In veterinary medicine, "neglected" bedsores are called decubital ulcers, which affect individual, most often protruding parts of the body - shoulders, elbows, hips. The ailment has several possible causes:
- A long stay in a supine position without movement.
- Wearing a tight cast or bandage on the limbs.
- Burns, grindings, superficial wounds.
- Metabolic disorders due to malnutrition.
- Pathological diseases of the blood and blood vessels, for example, diabetes.
- Acute reaction to injection.
- Hard or uncomfortable bedding.
- Acute allergic reactions.
- Untimely cleaning of stools if the dog is immobilized.
Dog sores on the elbows can form, even if the animal is healthy. Most often, the disease is observed in elderly pets and indicates an unbalanced diet or age-related pathologies. Freezing a dog is not a cause of pressure sores, but can be a contributing factor. If help is provided out of time or the dog is limited in movement, frostbitten skin tissue quickly collapses.
Naturally, ulcers do not appear instantly, the ailment develops in four stages:
- Redness appears on the affected area of the skin, which may be imperceptible on dark skin or under the coat. A local temperature increase is observed, redness does not disappear after depressurization.
- Coarsening of the skin, a marked increase in the temperature of the damaged area. The decubitus ulcer is similar to eczema, often there is a discharge of the uterine.
- Wet skin turns into a full wound. The damaged area noticeably thickens.
- The wound is ulcerating. Depending on the depth of the ulcers, the skin, muscles and periosteal tissues are affected. The degree of defeat in the photo below.
Important! At the stage of an open wound, in violation of sterility, the wound becomes infected and the disease is complicated by purulent inflammation. Constant friction and moisture accelerate the development of infection, which leads to the formation of fistulas and tissue death in areas.
Pressure sore prevention and special care
The formation of pressure sores is much easier to prevent than to cure. If your dog is at risk, and even more so if the pet is immobilized, the following measures will prevent bedsores:
- Equip a soft bed - water or "foam" mattress.
- Turn the dog over every 2 hours.
- Be sure to massage your pet, warming up the tissues and stroking the dog from the limbs to the body - improves blood flow, prevents muscle degradation and the development of necrosis.
- Strictly monitor hygiene, the affected areas should be wiped and completely dried 2 times a day. The exception is the presence of eczema.
- All areas of the skin that may come in contact with the stool should be regularly lubricated with petroleum jelly.
Dog sores treatment
Often, delivery of a lying pet to a veterinary clinic is too problematic. If possible, the doctor is called to the house. In the first stage, treatment is carried out by the host.
Consider how to treat bedsores in dogs at home:
- Affected areas should be as sterile as possible, as well as the litter of the pet.
- To disinfect litter, you can use alcohol or a solution of potassium permanganate. The treated bed should dry completely.
- It is not recommended to wash the litter using powder - soak the cloth in water with soda, rinse in a machine, dry and iron.
- Wet wounds are treated with chlorhexidine, sea buckthorn oil, levomekol, after which the area is sprayed with aluminum (spray).
- The affected area should be open, only in case of a threat of friction bandaging is allowed.
At the stage of formation of deep ulcers, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian, preferably before purulent inflammation occurs. After examination and examination, the veterinarian recommends how to treat a pet, option two - surgery or aggressive drug therapy.