Poisoning is a painful condition that requires immediate intervention. Fortunately, cats are mostly picky, and rarely taste something inedible. However, as the English proverb says, curiosity ruined the cat. So that the saying does not come true, the owner must protect the pet from dangerous substances, and at the first signs of poisoning, consult a doctor immediately.
Causes of Poisoning and First Aid (PP)
Timely treatment for poisoning minimizes the effects of intoxication. It is unreasonable to wait for the cure to cure itself, especially when it is not known what exactly the cat poisoned with. If a rotten piece of cheese causes only a temporary upset, then rat poison or household chemicals that have fallen into the stomach can lead to the death of the pet.
First aid is aimed at stopping the intake of toxic substances in the body and, if possible, removing some of the toxin. After providing PP, you must urgently go to the hospital, even if it seems that the cat has become better!
Domestic cats swallow harmful substances at the oversight of the owners. Free-standing chemicals, hygiene products, antifreeze, medicines are the main "culprits" of serious poisoning. Sometimes animals chew plants that are toxic to them. Very rarely - spoiled food is eaten. Symptoms of poisoning depend on the substance that the pet has "feasted on":
Medicines - severe drowsiness or, conversely, an excited state. Weakness, shaky gait, salivation, dilated pupils, discoloration of the gums, vomiting. PP: 1 tablet of activated charcoal diluted in a spoonful of water, drink a cat.
Poisonous plants- arrhythmia, vomiting and / or diarrhea, dilated or narrowed pupils, trembling, fever, frequent heartbeat. PP: washing with a solution of potassium permanganate 2%, Art. enterosgel spoon.
Acids - laryngeal edema, salivation, shortness of breath, possibly cramps. PP: drink a solution of baking soda, in no case try to induce vomiting.
Alkali - salivation, shortness of breath, vomiting and / or diarrhea with blood, convulsions. PP: 3 tbsp. tablespoons of boiled water mixed with 2.5 tbsp. tablespoons of lemon juice, pour into the mouth. Do not attempt to induce vomiting.
Food poisoning - vomiting and / or diarrhea, dilated pupils, pallor of mucous membranes, painful stomach, general weakness. PP: if the cat is conscious, breathing normally, there is no trembling, you need to induce vomiting (one thing: salt on the root of the tongue, 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide inside, half a glass of salt water inside), and then give a tablet of coal or st. a spoon of enterosgel.
Enterosgel is a broad-spectrum drug, beloved by many owners for safety, ease of use and affordability. The list of toxins that the gel neutralizes is in the annotation.
Pesticide (pesticide) - vomiting, salivation, diarrhea, small tremors. In severe cases, convulsive swallowing, paralysis. PP: washing with a solution of potassium permanganate 2%, a tablet of coal.
Mercury - sores on the mucous membrane, profuse vomiting, cramps, fever, paralysis. PP: open the window, give the cat water with water in which the coal is dissolved, you can give raw protein.
If the poisonous substance has got on the cat’s hair, grease it abundantly around the affected area with vegetable oil, and then wash off the poison with soapy water.
With disorders of the central nervous system - shortness of breath, cramps, convulsive swallowing, paralysis, blurred consciousness - you can not try to induce vomiting, as the cat may choke.
Signs of poisoning in animals that inhaled toxic gases are very specific: scarlet mucous membranes, belching, salivation. In severe cases, "drunk" gait, weak breathing, cramps. PP: put in the carrier on its side and immediately take it to the veterinarian. Closely monitor breathing - when you stop, artificial respiration is required (not in the mouth, but in the nose with a frequency of 15 times per minute).
How to help a veterinarian?
Having provided first aid, do not think what to do. The best help is to immediately deliver the pet to the nearest clinic. But the veterinarian can and even need help. For this, it is desirable:
- take along a package of the substance with which the cat was poisoned (if this is a plant, then take a leaf, or rather a twig);
- if it is known what the cat swallowed, it is important to describe how much approximately the substance got inside;
- if it is not known how the pet was poisoned, collect part of the vomit in a packet;
- describe the rate of deterioration;
- describe in detail the color and consistency of vomit and diarrhea, if these symptoms occur;
- it is important to remember the order in which the signs of poisoning appeared in cats (for example, at first the pet vomited, then diarrhea began, then the mucous membranes sharply turned pale, etc.);
- On the way to the clinic, remember whether the cat is allergic to any medications, whether there are health problems, chronic diseases.